Each submitted article will be going to preliminary review with Turnitin and iThenticate. Through the preliminary review, any form of plagiarism will be detected and measured. If similarity check result is more than 10%, the article will be returned or directly rejected. Moreover, the preliminary review will also consider return or direct rejection due to, but not limited to, following reasons.

  1. Falling out of topic.
  2. Multiple submission or consideration for other publications.
  3. Recommendation for rejection from reviewer.